A team of researchers undertook detailed anthropological and forensic analyses on the mummies of Ramesses III and unknown man E, the suspected son of the king. CT scans of Ramesses III revealed a wide and deep wound in the throat of the mummy, probably caused by a sharp blade. Analysis of unknown man E revealed an age of 18-20 years, while an inflated thorax and compressed skinfolds around the neck of the mummy suggests violent actions that led to death, such as strangulation. DNA analysis revealed that the mummies share the same parental lineage.
Although the mummy has been in the British Museum’s collections for over 100 years, it was not until 2012 that he was CT scanned for the first time; detailed images were created from the CT scans’ high resolution X-rays. In addition, these new scans are allowing us to visualize something more unexpected: A cut in his skin over his left shoulder blade doesn’t look like much from the outside, but the 3D visualisation of the CT scan shows that this was probably caused by a sharp pointed weapon 1.5-2cm wide that penetrated the underlying shoulder blade.
Pharaoh Tutankhamun was probably killed by the genetic blood disorder sickle cell disease, German scientists said, rejecting earlier research that suggested he died of malaria.
Back in 2005, when Frank Ruhli was trying to figure out how ancient Egypt's famous boy pharaoh, King Tut, died, he used CT scans of Tut's mummified remains. Now, says the renowned mummy expert, the new technology to screen some airline passengers for explosives can provide even more information. "By applying this technology on top of another technology, it may help you to look differently at the specimen," he explains, adding that the Terahertz imaging - also known as "full body scan" technology - does not use any sort of radiation, which could destroy DNA remnants of the mummies.
A DNA study revealed today the 19-year-old died from complications from a broken leg that was exacerbated by malaria. The study is based on two years of DNA testing and CT scans of 16 mummies, including Tutankhamun's. It has managed to identify a number of mummies from King Tut's family tree. These include 'KV35EL' - or Tiye and the KV55 mummy, which is probably Akhenaten, father of Tutankhamun. A mummy previously known as KV35YL is likely to be Tutankhamun's mother, although her identity is still shrouded in mystery.
Egypt will soon reveal the results of DNA tests made on Pharaoh Tutankhamun, to answer lingering mysteries over his lineage, the antiquities department said. Speaking at a conference, archaeology chief Zahi Hawass said he would announce the results of the DNA tests and the CAT scans on Feb. 17. The results will be compared to those made of King Amenhotep III, who may have been Tutankamun's grandfather.
Worn teeth, periodontal diseases, abscesses and cavities tormented the ancient Egyptians, according to the first systematic review of all studies performed on Egyptian mummies in the past 30 years. After examining research of more than 3,000 mummies, anatomists and paleopathologists at the University of Zurich concluded that 18 percent of all mummies in case reports showed a nightmare array of dental diseases.
CT scans of Egyptian mummies, some as much as 3,500 years old, shows evidence of atherosclerosis or hardening of the arteries, which is normally thought of as a disease caused by modern lifestyles, researchers said today
The remains are of a woman, Irtyersenu, who died in Thebes around 600 BC, aged about 50. The results suggest that TB infection had spread from her lungs to the rest of her body – so-called disseminated TB. In ancient Egypt, this would have been fatal.
The mummy is owned by the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco. He is thought to be Iret-net Hor-irw, a minor priest in the Egyptian city of Akhmim who died at a young age of unknown causes. He, and the data collected from Thursday's scan, will be the centerpiece of a new exhibition opening Oct. 31 at the Legion of Honor museum in San Francisco.